Below is a reasonably complete list of literature on sawfishes worldwide, with emphasis on the smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata. We have made an effort to include both scientific and popular articles and books. We have excluded newspaper articles due to the very limited and often unreliable information this media contains. If you notice anything important missing, please notify us via email.

Sources and Further Reading

Adams W. F. and C. Wilson. 1995. The status of the smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata Latham
            1794 (Pristiformes: Pristidae) in the United States. Chondros 6: 1–5.

Allen, G. R. 1991. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of New Guinea. Christensen Research Institute. 268 pp.

Anonymous. 1918. A three-hour battle with a 500 pound sawfish. The Literary Digest 57(8):70–71.

Anonymous. 1940. Dangerous sawfish is captured with wire noose by Ross Allen. Life 1940 Dec 2:106-109.

Anonymous. 1948. A new sawfish. Hobbies—The Magazine for Collectors 1948 Feb:136.

Barnard, K. H. 1947. A Pictorial Guide to South African Fishes, Marine and Freshwater. Maskew
            Miller Limited, Cape Town. 226 pp.

Barrett, O. W. 1928. Shark fishing in the West Indies. The Scientific Monthly 27(2):125-133.

Bauer, E. A. Mystery monster. 1959. Field & Stream 63(10):61, 119-121.

Baughman, J. L. 1943. Notes on sawfish, Pristis perotteti Müller and Henle, not previously
            reported from the waters of the United States. Copeia 1943: 43-48.

Baughman, J. L. 1950. Random notes on Texas fishes. The Texas Journal of Science 2(1):117-138.

Baughman, J. L. 1952. The marine fishes of Texas, the sawfishes. Texas Game and Fish 10(4):28-29.

Bearden, C. M. 1965. Contributions from Bears Bluff Laboratories, No. 42: Elasmobranch Fishes of South Carolina. Bears
            Bluff Laboratories, Wadmalaw Island, SC. xxx pp.

Beveridge, I. and R. A. Campbell. 2005. Three new genera of trypanorhynch cestodes from Australian elasmobranch fishes.
            Systematic Parasitology (60):211-224. PDF File

Bigelow, H. B. and W. C. Schroeder. 1953. Sawfishes, guitarfishes, skates and rays. Fishes of the
            Western North Atlantic. Mem. Sears Found. Mar. Res.1, Part 2, Yale University, New Haven, CT. 514 pp.

Bleeker, P. E. A. 1869. Enumberatio Specierum Piscium Hucusque in Archipelago Indico Observatarum. Bataviae, Typis Langii
            & Soc. 276 pp.

Bleher, H. 1984. The Australian freshwater sawfish. Tropical Fish Hobbyist 32(1):8-14.

Boeseman, M. 1956. Fresh-water sawfishes and sharks in Netherlands New Guinea. Science 123(3189):223-224.

Böhlke, J. E. and C. C. G. Chaplin. 1968. Fishes of the Bahamas and Adjacent Tropical Waters. Acad. Nat. Sciences Phil.,
            Wynnewood, PA. 771 pp.

Boschung, H. T. 1992. Catalogue of Freshwater and Marine Fishes of Alabama. The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL.
            xxx pp.

Breder, C. M., Jr. 1928. The fishes of the Rio Chucunaque drainage, eastern Panama. Bull.
            Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 57:91176.

Breder, C. M., Jr. 1929. Field Book of Marine Fishes of the Atlantic Coast. G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York, NY. 332 pp.

Breder, C. M., Jr. 1952. On the utility of the saw of the sawfish. Copeia 1952:90-92.

Breder, C. M, Jr. and D. E. Rosen. 1966. Modes of Reproduction in Fishes. Reprint. T. F. H.
            Publications, Jersey City, NJ. 941 pp.

Briggs, J. C. 1958. A list of Florida fishes and their distribution. Bull. Fl. St. Mus. Biol. Sci. 2:
            223-318.

Brown, H. H. 1945 (?). The Fisheries of the Windward & Leeward Islands. Development and Welfare in the West Indies,
            Bulletin No. 20. 98 pp + 2 maps.

Burgess, G. H. and T. H. Curtis. 2003. Temporal reductions in the distribution and abundance of U.S. Atlantic sawfishes
            (Pristis spp.) [abstract]. In: Joint Meeting of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists; 2003 Jun x-xx; Manaus, Brazil.

Caira, J. N. 1990. Metazoan parasites as indicators of elasmobranch biology. p.71–96. In: Pratt, H. L., S. H. Gruber, and T.
            Taniuchi (eds.) Elasmobranchs as Living Resources: Advances in the Biology, Ecology, Systematics, and the Status of
            the Fisheries, Proceedings of the Second United States–Japan Workshop, Honolulu, Hawaii, 9–14 December 1987.
            NOAA Technical Report NMFS 90. 518 pp.

Camelli, G. J. and D. J. Petiver. 1704. De Piscubus, Moluscis and Crustaceis Philippensibus. Philosophical Transactions
            24(1704):2043-2080.

Camhi, M., S. L. Fowler, J. A. Musick, A. Brautigam, and S. V. Fordham. 1998. Sharks and their
            Relatives - Ecology and Conservation.  IUCN/SSC Shark Specialist Group. IUCN,
            Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. 39 pp.

Carpenter, K. E. and V. H. Niem. 1999. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes: The Living Marine
            Resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 3: Batoid fishes, Chimaeras, and Bony Fishes, Part 1. FAO, Rome,
            Italy. 1398-2068 pp.

Carvalho-Filho, A. 1999. Peixes: Costa Brasileira. São Paulo, Melro. 320 pp + ?? plates.

Cavanagh, R. D., P. M. Kyne, S. L. Fowler, J. A. Musick, and M. B. Bennett, editors. 2003. The Conservation Status of
            Australasian Chondrichthyans. Report of the IUCN Shark Specialist Group and Australia and Oceania Regional Red
            List Workshop; 2003 Mar 7-9; Queensland, Australia. 170 pp.

Charvet-Almeida, P. 2002. Sawfish trade in the north of Brazil. Shark News [Newsletter of the
            IUCN Shark Specialist Group]. 14:9. <Link to Paper>

Cheung, P. J. and R. F. Nigrelli. 1983. Dermophthirioides pristidis n. gen., n. sp. (Microbothriidae) from the skin and
            Neoheterocotyle ruggierii
n. sp. (Monocotylidae) from the gills of the smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata.
            Transactions of the American Microscopy Society 102:129-134.

Chirichigno, N. F. 1963. Estudio de la fauna ictiológica de los esteros y parte baja de los ríos del Departamento de Tumbes
           
[Perú]. Servicio de Pesqueria, Peru 22:1-87.

Chisthom, L. A. and I. D. Whittington. 2000. A new species of Neoheterocotyle Hargis, 1955
            (Monogenea: Monocotylidae) from the gills of Pristis clavata Garman (Pristidae)
            from Darwin, Australia. Systematic Parasitology. 46:93-98.

Christensen, R. F. 1965. An Ichthyological Survey of Jupiter Inlet and Loxahatchee River, Florida [unpublished masters thesis].
            Florida State University. 318 pp.

Coles, R. J. 1915. Notes on the sharks and rays of Cape Lookout, N. C. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington
            28:89-94.

Clark, S, G. Violetta, A. Henningsen, V. Reischuck, P. Mohan, and J. Keyon. 2003. Growth in captive smalltooth sawfish,
            Pristis pectinata
[abstract]. In: Joint Meeting of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists; 2003 Jun x-xx; Manaus, Brazil.

Clusius, C. 1605. Exoticorum libri decem; quibus animalium, plantarum, aromatum, aliorumque peregrinorum fructuum historiae
            describuntur. Item Petri Belonii observationes, eodem Carolo Clusio interprete. Antverpiae. 378 pp.

Compagno, L. J. V. 1970. Generic systematics of recent pristids [Abstract]. In: Current Investigations Dealing with
            Elasmobranch Fishes. The Shark Research Panel, The American Institute of Biological Sciences. p 6.

Compagno, L. J. V. and S. F. Cook. 1995. The exploitation and conservation of freshwater
            elasmobranchs: status of taxa and prospects fo the future. J. Aquaricult. Aquat. Sci.
            7:62-90.

Compagno, L. J. V., D. A. Ebert, and M. J. Smale. 1989. Guide to the Sharks and Rays of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers,
            Cape Town. 160 pp.

Compagno, L. J. V. and P. R. Last. 1999. Pristidae. Sawfishes. Pp.  1410-1417.  In:  K.E.
            Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.), FAO identification guide for fishery purposes. The Living
            Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO, Rome.

Compagno, L. J. V., Last, P. R., Stevens J. D., and M. N. R. Alava. 2005. Checklist of Philippine Chondrichthyes. CSIRO
            Report 243.

Cook, S., L. J. V. Compagno, and M. Oetinger. 1995. Status of the largetooth sawfish Pristis
            perotteti Muller and Henle, 1841. Shark News [Newsletter of the IUCN Shark Specialist
            Group] 4:1-2.

Cope, E. D. 1875. Synopsis of the vertebrata of the Miocene of Cumberland County, New Jersey. Proceedings of the
           American Philosophical Society 16(97):55-60.

Davies, D. H. 1963. The story of sally the sawfish. South African Association for Marine Biological Research 1963(4):10-13.

Day, F. 1971. The Fishes of India; being a Natural History of the Fishes known to inhabit the Seas and Fresh Waters of India,
           Burma, and Ceylon. Today & Tomorrow's Book Agency, New Delhi. 778 pp. + 195 plates.

De Kay, J. E. 1842. Zoology of New-York or the New-York Fauna, Part 5: Fishes. White & Visscher, Albany, NY. xxx pp.

Deynat, P. P. 2005. New data on the systematics and interrelationships of sawfishes (Elasmobranchii, Batoidea, Pristiformes). J.
           Fish Biol. 2005(66):1447-1458. PDF File

Dor, M. 1984. Checklist of the Fishes of the Red Sea. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem. 437 pp.

Duarte-Bello, P. P. 1959. Catalogo de Peces Cubanos. Universidad de Villanueva, Marianao, Cuba. 208 pp.

Eigenmann, C. H. 1920. The fishes of the rivers draining the western slope of the Cordillera Occidental of Colombia, Rios
           Atroto, San Juan, Dagua, and Patia. Indiana University Studies 7(46):1-19 + fold-out map.

Evermann, B. W. and B. A. Bean. 1898. Indian River and its fishes. U. S. Comm. Fish Fish. 22:
            227-248.

Evermann, B. W. and M. C. Marsh. 1902. The fishes of Porto Rico. U. S. Comm. Fish Fish. 20(1):49-350 + ??? plates and ??
           fold-out maps.

Garman, S. 1913. The Plagiostomia. Mem. M. C. Z.  36:1-515.

Gill, T. 1893. Sharks in fresh water. Science 22(555):165.

Gilmore, R. G. 1977. Fishes of the Indian River Lagoon and adjacent waters, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum,
            22(3):101-147.

Goadby, P. 1963. Jacaranda Pocket Guides: Sharks and other Predatory Fish of Australia. Jacaranda Press Pty. Ltd.,
            Brisbane, Australia. 124 pp.

Gohar, H. A. F., and F. M. Mazhar. 1964. The elasmobranchs of the north-western Red Sea. Publ. Mar. Biol. Sta. Ghardaqa
            (13):1-144 + 16 plates, 2 maps.

Gonzalez, M. M. 2005. Use of Pristis spp. (Elasmobranchii: Pristidae) by hunter-gatherers on the coast of São Paulo, Brazil.
            Neotropical Ichthyology 3(3):421-426.

Goode, G. B. 1879. A preliminary catalogue of the fishes of the St. John's River and the east coast of Florida, with descriptions
            of a new genus and three new species. Proceedings of the U. S. National Museum 5(43):109-121.

Goode, G. B. 1884. The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States. Section I.  Natural
            history of useful aquatic animals. United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries,
            Washington D.C.

Gowanloch, J. N. 1933. Fishes and Fishing in Louisiana. Louisiana Department of Conservation, Baton Rouge, LA. 638 pp. +
           3 plates & 2 fold-out maps.

Grant, E. M. 1978. Guide to Fishes. 8th ed. The Department of Harbours and Marine, Queensland, Australia. 768 pp.

Gudger, E. W. 1912. Natural history notes on some Beaufort, N. C. fishes, 1910–1911: No. 1. Elasmobranchii—with special
            reference to utero-gestation. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 25:141-156.

Gunter, G. 1941. Relative numbers of shallow water fishes of the northern Gulf of Mexico, with some records of rare fishes from
            the Texas coast. American Midland Naturalist 26(1):194-200.

Gunter, G. 1957. Predominance of the young among marine fishes found in fresh water. Copeia
            1957:13-16.

Günther, A. 1870. Catalogue of the Physostomi. Catalogue of the Fishes in the British Museum: Volume Eight. Printed by order
            of the Trustees, London. 549 pp.

Faria, V. V., J. A. Ryburn, L. F. Leandro, and G. J. Naylor. 2003. Pristiform molecular phylogeny [abstract]. In: Joint Meeting
            of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists; 2003 Jun x-xx; Manaus, Brazil.

Faria, V. V., McDavitt, M. T. 2005. Trying again two centuries later: an essay on the various species of sawfish
            (Chondrichthyes, Pristiformes) [abstract]. In: Joint Meeting of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists; 2005 Jul 6-11; Tampa,
            FL. p 151.

Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. 1999. Protected species: sawfishes, basking
            shark, whale shark, white shark, sand tiger shark, bigeye sand tiger shark, manta ray,
            and spotted eagle ray; prohibition of harvest, landing, and sale. Chapter 68B-44.008
            (formerly 46-44.008) Florida Administrative Code Rule 11:1222.

Fordham, S. V. 2003. Conservation of smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata) in U.S. waters [abstract]. In: Joint Meeting of
            Ichthyologists and Herpetologists; 2005 Jul 6-11; Tampa, FL. p 151.

Fowler, H. W. 1941. A list of the fishes known from the coast of Brazil. Arquivos de Zoologia do Estado de Sào Paulo
            3(6):115-–184.

Fowler, H. W. 1956. Fishes of the Rea Sea and Southern Arabia. Volume I. Branchiostomida to Polynemida. The Weizmann
            Science Press of Israel, Jerusalem. 240 pp.

Fowler, S. L. 1996. Sharks and CITES - latest news. Shark News [Newsletter of the IUCN Shark Specialist Group] 8:??.

Fowler, S. L. 1998. Recent sawfish records. Shark News [Newsletter of the IUCN Shark Specialist
            Group] 12:4. Link

Fowler, S. L., Reed, T. M., and F. A. Dipper (eds). 2002. Elasmobranch Biodiversity, Conservation and Management:
            Proceedings of the International Seminar and Workshop, Sabah, Malaysia, July 1997. IUCN SSC Shark Specialist
            Group, Cambridge, UK. xv + 258 pp.

Hedges, M. F. A. M. 1925. Battles with Giant Fish. Reprint. Duckworth & Co., London, England. 307 pp + 31 plates.

Heiler, V. C. 1917. Harpooning sawfish in the Florida Keys. Field & Stream 1917 Mar:408-410.

Henningsen, A. D., Whitaker B. R., and I. D. Walker. 2005. Protrusion of the valvular intestine in captive smalltooth sawfish
            and comments on pristid gastrointestinal anatomy and intestinal valve types.  Journal of Aquatic Animal Health 17:289-
            295. PDF File

Henshall, J. A. 1891. Report upon a collection of fishes made in southern Florida during 1889.
            Bull. U. S. Fish Comm. 9:371-389.

Henshall, J. A. 1895. Notes on fishes collected in Florida in 1892. Bull. U. S. Fish Comm. 14:209-221.

Herre, A. W. C. T. 1923. Notes on Philippine sharks, I. The Philippine Journal of Science 23(1):67-75 + 1 plate.

Herre, A. W. C. T. 1958. Marine fishes in Philippine rivers and lakes. The Philippine Journal of Science 87(1):65-88.

Herre, A. W. C. T. and M. Boeseman. 1956. Marine fishes in fresh water. Science 123(3206):1035-1036.

Hildebrand, S. F. and W. C. Schroeder. 1972. Fishes of Chesapeake Bay. T. F. H. Publications, Inc., Neptune, NJ. 388 pp.

Hoese, H. D. 1958. A partially annotated checklist of the marine fishes of Texas. Institute of Marine Science 5:313-352.

Irvine, F. R. 1947. The Fishes and Fisheries of the Gold Coast. Government of the Gold Coast, London, England. 352 pp.

Ishihara, H. 1990. The skates and rays of the Western North Pacific: an overview of their fisheries, utilization, and classification.
            p.485–497. In: Pratt, H. L., S. H. Gruber, and T. Taniuchi (eds.) Elasmobranchs as Living Resources: Advances in the
            Biology, Ecology, Systematics, and the Status of the Fisheries, Proceedings of the Second United States–Japan
            Workshop, Honolulu, Hawaii, 9-14 December 1987. NOAA Technical Report NMFS 90. 518 pp.

Ishihara, H., Taniuchi, T., Sano, M., and P. R. Last. 1991. Record of Pristis clavata Garman from the Pentecost River,
            western Australia, with brief notes on its osmoregulation, and comments on the systematics of the Pristidae. Univ. Mus.,
            Univ. Tokyo, Nature and Culture (3):43-53.

Ishihara, H., T. Taniuchi, and N. Shizmizu. 1991. Sexual description of numbers of rostral teeth in
            the sawfish, Pristis microdon, collected from Australia and Papua, New Guinea. University
            of Tokyo Museum. Nature Culture (3):83-89.

Jenkins, J. T. 1946. The Fishes of the British Isles both Fresh Water and Salt. Frederick Warne &
            Co. Ltd., London. 408 pp.

Jordan, D. S. and J. Swain. 1884. Notes on fishes collected by David S. Jordan at Cedar Keys,
            Florida. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 7:230-234.

Joseph, E. B. and R. W. Yerger. 1956. The fishes of Alligator Harbor, Florida, with notes on their natural history. Florida State
            University Studies (22):112-156.

Kapoor, D., R. Dayal, and A. G. Ponniah. 2002. Fish Biodiversity of India. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources,
            Lucknow, India. 775 pp + ?? plates.

Kirkland, J. I., M. C. Aguillón-Martinez. 2002. Schizorhiza: a unique sawfish paradigm from the Difunta Group, Coahuila,
            Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas. 19(1):16-24.

Kottelat, M. 2001. Fishes of Laos. WHT Publications Ltd., Sri Lanka. 198 pp.

Last, P. R. and J. D. Stevens. 1994. Sharks and Rays of Australia. CSIRO Australia. 513 pp.

Latham, J. 1794. An essay on the various species of sawfish. Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond.
            2:273-284.

Lee, H. S. 2005. Sawfish on the stamp. [Printed in Taiwanese] Fisheries Extension 223:52-54.

Lindberg, G. U. and M. I. Legeza. 1967. Fishes of the Sea of Japan and the Adjacent Areas of the Sea of Okhotsk and the
            Yellow Sea. Part 1: Amphioxi, Petromyzones, Myxini, Elasmobranchii, Holocephali. [Translated from Russian]
            Smithsonian Institution and National Science Foundation, Washington, D.C. 198 pp.

Lonnberg, E.1894. List of fishes observed and collected in south-Florida. Ofversigt af Kongl.
            Vetenskups-Akadmieus Forhandlingar 3:109-131.

Marden, L. 1944. A land of lakes and volcanoes. The National Geographic Magazine 1944 Aug:161-192.

Marshall, T. C. 1964. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Waters of Queensland. Department of Harbours and
            Marine, Queensland, Australia. 566 pp + plates.

McDavitt, M. T. 1996. The cultural and economic importance of sawfishes (family Pristidae). Shark News [Newsletter of the
            IUCN Shark Specialist Group] 8:10- 11. Link

McDavitt, M. T. 2002. Cipactli's sword, Tlaltecuhtli's teeth: deciphering the sawfish and shark remains in the Aztec Great
            Temple. Shark News [Newsletter of the IUCN Shark Specialist Group] 14:6-7.

McDavitt, M. T. 2002. Lake Nicaragua revisited: conversations with a former sawfish fisherman.
            Shark News [Newsletter of the IUCN Shark Specialist Group] 14:6. Link

McDavitt, M. T. 2002. Sawfishes in the indigenous art of Panama. Shark News [Newsletter of the IUCN Shark Specialist
           Group] 14:??. Link

McDavitt, M. T. 2003. The popular image of sawfishes in Western society and its implications for conservation efforts.
            [abstract]. In: Joint Meeting of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists; 2003 Jun x-xx; Manaus, Brazil.

McDavitt, M. T. and P. Charvet-Almeida. 2004. Quantifying trade in sawfish rostra: two examples. Shark News [Newsletter of
            the IUCN Shark Specialist Group] 16:10-11. Link to PDF File

McDavitt, M. T. 2005. The cultural significance of sharks and rays in Aboriginal societies across Australia's top end. Marine
            Education Society of Australasia. 5 pp. Link to PDF File

McEachran, J. D. and J. D. Fechhelm. 1998. Fishes of the Gulf of Mexico. Volume I: Myxiniformes
            to Gasterosteiformes. University of Texas Press, Austin, TX. 1112 pp.

McCormick, H. W., T. B. Allen, and W. E. Young. 1963. Shadows in the Sea. The Sharks, Skates, and Rays. Weathervane
            Books, New York, NY. 415 pp.

Meng, Q. and Y. Zhu. 1985. A study of the spiral valves of Chinese cartilaginous fishes. Acta
            Zool. Sinica 31(3): 277-283.

Metzelaar, J. 1967. Report on the Fishes Collected by Dr. J. Boeke in the Dutch West Indies 1904–1905. A. Asher and Co.,
            Amsterdam. 314 pp.

Miller, W. A. 1995. Rostral and dental development in sawfish (Pristis perotteti). J. Aquaricult. Aquat. Sci. 7:98-107.

Misra, K. S. 1962. An aid to the identification of the common commercial fishes of India and
            Pakistan. Records of the Indian Museum. Manager of Publications, Delhi. 320 pp.

Mizue, K. and M. Hara. 1991. The rectal gland of freshwater sawfish, Pristis microdon, and bull shark, Carcharhinus leucas,
            collected from the Daly and Sepik Rivers. Univ. Mus., Univ. Tokyo, Nature and Culture (3):63-69.

Monkolprasit, S. 1984. The Cartilagenous Fishes (Class Elasmobranchii) Found in Thai Waters and Adjacent Areas.            
            Department of Fishery Biology, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand. 175 pp + 2 plates.

Montoya, R. V. and T. B. Thorson. 1982. The bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas) and the largetooth sawfish (Pristis perotteti)
            in Lake Bayano, a tropical man-made impoundment in Panama. Environ. Biol. Fish. 7:341-347.

Munroe, I. S. R. 1964. Additions to the fish fauna of New Guinea. The Papua and New Guinea Agricultural Journal 16(4):141-
            186.

Murdy, E. O., R. S. Birdsong, and J. A. Musick. 1997. Fishes of Chesapeake Bay. Smithsonian Institution Press. 324 pp + 49
            plates.

Musick, J. A., M. M. Harbin, S. A. Berkeley, G. H. Burgess, A. M. Eklund, L. Findley, R. G.
            Gilmore, J. T. Golden, D. S. Ha, G. R. Huntsman, J. C. McGovern, S. J. Parker, and S. G.
            Wright. 2000. Marine, estuarine, and diadromous fish stocks at risk of extinction in
            North America (exclusive of Pacific salmonids). Fisheries 25: 6-30.

Nichols, J. T. and R. C. Murphy. 1944. A collection of fishes from the Panama Bight, Pacific Ocean. Bulletin of the American
            Museum of Natural History 83(4):217-260 + 4 plates.

Norman, J. R. and F. C. Fraser. 1938. Giant Fishes, Whales and Dolphins. W. W. Norton and
            Company, Inc., New York, NY. 361 pp.

Ogawa, K. 1991. Ectoparasites of sawfish, Pristis microdon, caught in freshwaters of Australia and Papua New Guinea. Univ.
            Mus., Univ. Tokyo, Nature and Culture (3):91-101.

Okera, W. and J. S. Gunn. 1986. Exploratory trawl surveys by FRV Soela in the Australian fishing zone sector of the Timor-
            Arafura seas and in the Gulf of Carpentaria, 1980–81. CSIRO Marine Laboratories Report 150. 104 pp.

Otake, T. 1991. Serum composition and nephron structure of freshwater elasmobranchs collected from Australia and Papua
            New Guinea. Univ. Mus., Univ. Tokyo, Nature and Culture (3):55-62.

Peverell, S. C., N. Gribble, and H. Larson. 2004. Sawfish. Pp. 75-83. In: Description of Key Species
            Groups in the Northern Planning Area. National Oceans Office. Hobart, Australia.

Peverall, S. C., R. Pillans. 2004. Determining feasibility of acoustic tag attachment and documenting
            short-term movements in Pristis zijsron Bleeker, 1851. Report for the National
            Oceans Office. Hobart, Australia. 18 pp.

Peverall, S. C. 2005. Distribution of sawfishes (Pristidae) in the Queensland Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia, with notes on
            sawfish ecology. Env. Biol. Fish.2005(73)391-402. PDF File

Poulakis, G. R. and J. C. Seitz. 2004. Recent occurrence of the smalltooth sawfish, Pristis
            pectinata (Elasmobranchiomorphi: Pristidae), in Florida Bay and the Florida Keys, with
            comments on sawfish ecology. Florida Scient. 67:27-35. PDF File

Radcliffe, L. 1916. The sharks and rays of Beaufort, North Carolina. Bull. of the U. S. Bur. of Fish.
            34:239-384.

Rainboth, W. J. 1996. FAO Species Identification Field Guide for Fishery Purposes. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAO,
            Rome. 265 pp + 27 plates.

Ramjohn, D. D. 1999. Checklist of Coastal and Marine Fishes of Trinidad and Tobago. Fisheries Division, Ministry of
            Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, Port of Spain. 151 pp.

Ridewood, W. G. 1921. On the calcification of the vertebral centra in sharks and rays. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal
            Society of London. 210:311-407.

Roberts, T. R. 1978. An Ichthyological Survey of the Fly River in Papua New Guinea with
            Descriptions of New Species. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington. 72 pp.

Ross, R. A. and F. Schäfer. 2000. Aqualog, Freshwater Rays. [Publisher unknown], Germany. 192 pp.

Sainsbury, K. J., P. J. Kailola, and G. G. Leyland. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia,
            An Illustrated Guide. CSIRO Division of Fisheries, Canberra, Australia. 375 pp.

Schmid, T. H., L. M. Ehrhart, and F. F. Snelson, Jr. 1988. Notes on the occurence of rays
           (Elasmobranchii, Batoidea) in the Indian River Lagoon system, Florida. Florida Scient.
            51:121-128.

Schwartz, F. J. 1984. Sharks, sawfish, skates, and rays of the Carolinas. Special Publication,
            Institute of Marine Sciences, University of North Carolina, Morehead City, NC.

Schwartz, F. J. 2003. Bilateral asymmetry in the rostrum of the smalltooth sawfish, Pristis
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